What is Asthma?

Asthma is one of the most common illnesses in the world today. Millions of people from all over the world have been diagnosed with this ailment. Over the years, this illness has become a serious medical concern in the healthcare industry and this has resulted in more and more people wanting to get as much information on the disease as possible. Asthma is not just any ordinary illness like the common cold. There is more to this medical condition than meets the eye.

Asthma is essentially a respiratory illness that is in most cases characterized with shortness of breath, difficulty in inhaling and exhaling, wheezing and coughing. These symptoms are caused by the contraction of the various airways found in the respiratory system. Anyone can suffer from this ailment be it a male or a female, a child or even a grown up. No one is totally safe from developing this serious respiratory illness.

Modern cases of Asthma have escalated in terms of seriousness and severity. A few years back, this disease was considered harmless and could be easily managed and controlled meaning there were very few people being hospitalized because of this health condition. Times have changed and Asthma is now one of the leading causes of hospitalization especially among infants and children. Asthma medication has also become very popular in the global healthcare industry.

Causes of Asthma

Asthma attacks which are the most significant threat to people who suffer from this disease are known to be triggered by various factors. The first and most common triggers are allergens which are found in the environment we live in. Allergens that are commonly responsible for Asthma attacks include dust, pollen grains, perfumes, odors, gaseous chemicals, scents from detergents and other household cleaning agents. Environmental factors such as temperature and humidity can also be attributed to causing Asthma attacks. Certain activities such as heavy exercise or being overworked have also been observed to trigger attacks in both children and adults.

Treatment

There are a wide range of prescriptions medication that help to suppress the effects of Asthma on the human body. The two major categories of Asthma medication you can find out there today include sympathomimetic drugs and corticosteroids. Sympathomimetic drugs are meant to relax the muscles that open and close your bronchial tubes so that contraction or closure does not take place. Corticosteroids are responsible for suppressing the effect allergens and other triggers have on your respiratory system. The above medication also helps to reduce inflammation inside the tiny airways in your lungs thus preventing an attack from happen.

Prevention

Preventing Asthma is something that everyone should strive to do. The first step is to keep the home environment clean and free from any contaminants or toxins that may act as triggers for an attack. Staying away from known allergens that can cause an Asthma attack is also a prudent mode of prevention. Failure to prevent an attack from happen can be fatal especially where emergency medical assistance is not available.